Scalp Infections

Restoring Hair Health

Wig Medical provides personal telehealth sessions with a Cranial Prosthesis Specialist to help you manage Scalp Infections and reach your hair goals.

What Scalp Infections Related to Hair Loss?

Scalp infections, such as fungal infections, can wreak havoc on both the scalp and hair, leading to discomfort, irritation, and hair loss if left untreated. 


Understanding the causes, symptoms, and effective treatment options for scalp infections is crucial for restoring hair health and preventing further complications.

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Most of our clients who need a medical wig or hair prosthetic are covered by insurance.

Causes of Scalp Infections

Scalp infections can be caused by various factors, with fungal infections being one of the most common culprits. 


Fungi such as Malassezia and dermatophytes can thrive on the scalp, especially in warm and humid environments. This can lead to conditions like tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp) or seborrheic dermatitis. 


Other causes of scalp infections may include bacterial infections, viral infections (such as herpes simplex), or parasitic infestations (such as head lice).

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Symptoms and Signs

The symptoms of scalp infections can vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Common signs may include:


  • Itching, burning, or soreness of the scalp.
  • Redness, inflammation, or flaking of the scalp skin.
  • Painful, pus-filled lesions or sores on the scalp.
  • Excessive shedding or hair loss in affected areas.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck (in severe cases).

How are Scalp Infections Diagnosed?

Diagnosing scalp infections typically involves a thorough physical examination, medical history review, and sometimes additional tests such as scalp scrapings or cultures to identify the causative organism. 


Dermatologists or healthcare providers specializing in hair and scalp disorders are best equipped to accurately diagnose an individual. 


The medical professional will then provide personalized treatment plans based on the specific type of infection.

Can Scalp Infections Cause Hair Loss?

There are several scalp conditions that can cause hair loss. If an individual is experiencing a scalp infection, they may experience areas of hair loss, as well as other symptoms. 


This may include hair breakage or redness at the infection site. Once the infection is cleared, individuals may experience new hair growth.

Scalp Infections FAQs

Several types of scalp infections can lead to hair loss, including:


  • Tinea Capitis (Scalp Ringworm): A fungal infection that affects the scalp and hair shafts, causing itchy, scaly patches and hair loss.
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis: A chronic condition that causes scaly patches, red skin, and stubborn dandruff. While it doesn't directly cause hair loss, the inflammation associated with severe cases can weaken hair follicles.
  • Folliculitis: An infection of the hair follicles, usually caused by bacteria or fungi, leading to small, painful bumps on the scalp that can result in hair loss if not treated properly.
  • Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune condition that's not caused by an infection but can be triggered by viral infections. It results in patchy hair loss.

Scalp infections cause hair loss through various mechanisms, depending on the type of infection. 


For example, fungal infections like tinea capitis directly invade the hair shaft, causing it to break off at the scalp level. 


Inflammatory conditions like seborrheic dermatitis and folliculitis can damage hair follicles due to the body's immune response to the infection, leading to weakened hair or hair fall. 


Continuous scratching or aggressive treatment of the infected area can also contribute to hair loss.

Symptoms vary depending on the type of infection but may include:


  • Itchy, red, or inflamed scalp
  • Scaly patches or dandruff that is difficult to remove
  • Pus-filled blisters or painful sores on the scalp
  • Patchy hair loss or thinning in specific areas
  • Visible white flakes or scales on the hair and scalp
  • Prompt recognition and treatment of these symptoms can help prevent or minimize hair loss.

Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination of the scalp by a healthcare provider or dermatologist.

Treatment depends on the type of infection and its severity but may include:


  • Antifungal shampoos, creams, or oral medications for fungal infections like tinea capitis.
    Antibacterial medications for bacterial infections, such as folliculitis.
  • Topical steroids or medicated shampoos for inflammatory conditions like seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Lifestyle and hygiene changes to reduce inflammation and prevent recurrence, including using gentle hair care products and avoiding practices that irritate the scalp.
  • In many cases, treating the underlying scalp infection can lead to the resolution of hair loss, with hair gradually regrowing over time. It's essential for individuals experiencing symptoms of a scalp infection to seek medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

How are Scalp Infections Treated?

Treatment for scalp infections varies depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. 


Common treatment options may include:


Antifungal Medications: Antifungal shampoos, creams, or oral medications may be prescribed to eliminate fungal infections such as tinea capitis or seborrheic dermatitis.


Antibiotics: In cases of bacterial infections, antibiotics may be prescribed to eradicate the bacteria responsible for the infection.


Topical Steroids: Topical corticosteroids may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms associated with scalp infections.


Medicated Shampoos: Medicated shampoos containing ingredients such as ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or coal tar may help alleviate symptoms and control fungal or bacterial growth on the scalp.

Comprehensive Cranial Prosthetic Services at Wig Medical

Our team is dedicated to guiding you through the process of finding the right cranial prosthetic solution for you and your needs. The team at Wig Medical will ensure comfort, confidence, and peace of mind. 


Whether you're navigating insurance coverage or seeking specialized assistance, we're here to support you every step of the way.

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Schedule an appointment with us today. Contact our team to discover how Wig Medical can transform your hair journey. 

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Let us help you with your Scalp Infections challenges.

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